There is not long history of computer in Nepal. An electronic calculator called “Facit” was used to prepare the census report of 2018 B.S. Which took long period of time to complete the census nearly more than 6 years. In 2028 B.S. Government of Nepal brought IBM 1401 (a Second Generation computer) on rent to process the census data of 2028 B.S. This machine took 1 year 7 months and 15 days to complete the census of 2028 B.S.
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In 2031 B.S., National Computer Centre (NCC), was established for national data processing and computer training. To Government brought another powerful computer ICL 2950/10(fourth generation computer) from England. It completed the census of 2038 B.S. on one year and three months. It is kept in the museum of National Computer Centre (NCC) Singh Durbar. At that time British Government helped to develop manpower of NCC. In the meantime, Nepalese students went to India, Thailand and USA for the computer education themselves.
After 2039 B.S., microcomputers such as Apple, Vector, Sirus etc were imported by private companies and individuals in Nepal. Many private companies like Computer Consultancy (CC), Management Information Processing System (MIPS), Data System International (DSI), etc were established. Such private companies started selling computers and training people in order to produce computer manpower in Nepal. At that time, Nepal Rastriya Bank, Nepal Telecom, Office of the Controller of Examination, Tribhuvan University, Office of Employee provident fund, Nepal Electricity Authority, Hetauda Cement Factory and other many organizations used computer in their work.
Today there are thousands of computer training institutes, computer sales and repair centres in Nepal. Different universities are opening IT Colleges in Nepal. Students are given computer education from school level. Now computer subjects is included in the curriculum of school and colleges by CDC and HSEB. Within a few years, movement of Nepal is planning to provide computer education for all the schools throughout the country.
Government has formed High Level Commission for Information Technology (HLCIT) under the chairmanship of Prime Minister. IT Policy is also formulated in 2057 B.S. IT Park with infrastructure for IT companies is under construction in Banepa, Kabhre with the help of Chinese government. To legalize the transaction through electronic media, Nepal government had issued The Electronic Transaction Act-2061′. It is known as cyber law of Nepal. Computer Association of Nepal (CAN) was established in December 1992 which is an autonomous, non-political, non-profit making and service oriented organization.
Summary of history of computer in Nepal
- 2018 B.S. : “Facet” was used for census calculation of 96 Lakhs people.
- 2028 B.s. : IBM 1401 a second generation computer was used for census calculation
- 2031 B.S : A centre for Electronic Data Processing was established.
- 2038 B.S : ICL 2950/10 a fouth generation computer was used for census calculation.
- 2039 B.S : microcomputers such as Apple, Vector, Sirus etc were imported by private companies
- 2057 B.S : IT Policy is also formulated.
- 2061 B.S : The Electronic Transaction Act was issued.
- 2048 B.S : CAN was established.
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